What is a Building Condition Assessment?

A Building Condition Assessment (BCA) evaluates the condition of a building’s envelope performance, structural foundation and superstructure, and mechanical systems, including heating and cooling.  A BCA may also include the exterior elements of the property including site grading and drainage, condition of roadway and servicing infrastructure and lighting.

A BCA is a common part of any property’s maintenance strategy. Generally, a BCA is requested by a property manager, owner, or board of directors when there are building or property issues which require improvements. Additionally, a building condition assessment should be completed (similar to a home inspection) prior to purchasing an existing property.

Our Building Science, Structural, Mechanical and Electrical (BSME) Team prepares building condition assessments for mid- and low- rise apartment buildings, condominiums, commercial, industrial and institutional buildings, and for individual homeowners.  The Crozier BSME team of 20 engineers and technicians not only design these systems, but also evaluate these systems for our clients.

The process of a BCA starts with site review, where engineers collect photos, measurements, notes and information from property owners as data. Once this information is gathered, our team evaluates the data and delivers a final report with findings and recommendations. These may be related to the building’s existing condition, forecasts for future performance, a maintenance plan, and when required, recommendations for repairs to the building’s envelope, structure, and mechanical systems. An opinion of probable costs (OPC) or capital reserve plan (CRP) may be completed to assist the client with determine the value of current deficiencies or forecasting future financial inputs and expenditures.

The scope of a Crozier Building Condition Assessment may include:

  • Structural & Foundation systems – exposed systems only;
  • Roofing systems – types, age, and condition;
  • Exterior enclosure – masonry, pre-cast, curtain wall, EIFS, glazing etc;
  • Interior systems – walls, partitions, doors, finishes, etc;
  • Parking garages – multi-level, above and below ground;
  • Plumbing systems – existing;
  • Electrical systems – existing;
  • Mechanical systems – boilers, HVAC, etc;
  • Vertical transportation systems – elevators, moving walkways;
  • Building and fire code issues & Accessibility compliance updates;
  • Non-evasive technologies – Infrared Thermal Imaging (if required); and,
  • Institution evaluations – schools, hospitals, retirement homes etc.
  • Site components – parking lots, walkways, curbs, lighting, and site drainage;

In order to plan financially for future property costs, condominium owners and property managers may choose to work with Crozier & Associates with a Reserve Fund Study (RFS) to develop a strategy for maintenance costs, and future (or impending) facility improvements, updated every three (3) years.



This article is for informational purposes only, and should not be used as a substitute for recommendations or services provided by a licensed engineer. C.F. Crozier & Associates is not liable for guarantees regarding the accuracy, reliability or completeness of the information presented. Please consult with a Professional Engineer before undertaking any of the above activities.

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